A distinctive feature of modern civilization is the constant impact of the media and the Internet on people. The growth of information volumes, the speed of their updating and distribution, the scale of influence on all aspects of public life have become a specific factor playing a significant role in the development of the personality of modern children, adolescents, youth and students.
In this regard, such modern learning technologies are increasingly used in the educational process, which contribute to the development of critical thinking, the formation of students’ ability to moral reflection, which further allows them to rethink their negative life experiences, negative values, attitudes, meanings of activity and current events. Interactive technologies play a significant role in the nowadays-educational process.
Interactive technologies include discussions, case-based technologies, training, role-playing and business games, project activities, technology for developing critical thinking. The use of interactive learning technology in the educational process allows solving the problem of developing students’ cognitive skills, the ability to independently improve their knowledge, navigate the information and social space. Critical thinking also contributes to students writing skills. In order to have great academic results, a student should use out-of-the-box thinking. Today, the Internet helps to find the right information and complete full research while preparing for classes. Students are able to use an essay editor to fix their grammar and create a high-quality essay for a particular subject. To improve their papers, students can simply look for an essay editor in UK and in such way get a lot of relevant information on the topic and information is a clue to anything. In this case, information is actively absorbed by students, using problem situations, and interactive cycles. This contributes to the development of such mental operations as analysis, synthesis, comparison, abstraction, specification, classification and categorization; communication skills, skills of an independent organization of teaching and research activities are formed.
The technology of interactive learning consists of methods and techniques used in conducting classes that:
• Activate students’ cognitive processes;
• Develop communication skills necessary in the process of communication with teachers and among themselves, skills of teamwork;
• Provide active training;
• Contribute to the development of such professional qualities as the ability to analyze, predict the development of the situation, formulate and express own position, adequately perceive and evaluate information;
• Have a significant emotional impact due to the fascination, competition, creative nature of the activity.
Among all interactive technologies, the technology of students’ critical thinking development has the greatest educational potential. Students’ critical thinking is one of the types of intellectual activity, which is characterized by a high level of perception, understanding, objectivity, and a conscious approach to the information field surrounding it. The critical style of thinking is characterized by openness, flexibility, reflexivity, awareness of causal relationships, internal ambiguity of positions and points of view, alternative decisions, that is, all those properties that are necessary for effective work with information, its adequate perception, understanding, ability to highlight in it the main meanings.
Another effective in terms of education technology implemented in the process of learning in universities is the technology of modern design training. The basis of this technology is a project method – a way of learning when students acquire knowledge and skills in the process of independent creative work on planning and implementing projects. A project is a set of search, research, reflexive, communicative and other types of self-consistent activities of students, carried out under the guidance of a teacher, aimed at solving the problem posed and decorated in the form of some final product.
A distinctive characteristic of the project method is a result that is formed by the achievements of all project participants, and the effectiveness of the result is determined by the quality of each individual work. Among the main characteristics of this method are the following:
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• Individual approach to each student;
• Positive interaction, the formation of social behavior skills;
• Individual and collective responsibility;
• A gradual increase of knowledge;
• Gradual awareness of students of their own abilities and capabilities;
• Organization of joint work of students with teachers, during which the project objectives are discussed, strategies for working on it are defined, the results of work are predicted and further analyzed.
Thus, in the context of the global information revolution, the Internet and technology acquire new opportunities. One of the conditions for the effectiveness of the educational process of students in universities is the use of interactive learning technologies. The most effective of these is a project-based training technology, implemented through the use of new information technologies. The use of these technologies is capable of structurally influencing the development and creative self-expression of an individual, linking a teacher and student, helping them both to overcome difficulties in educational activities.